nursing Welcome to Week 7 READINGS Martha Raile Alligood: NURSING THEORY Ch. 4, 21 A philosophy of nursing is a worldview of nursing as a practice, activity, career, vocation, lifestyle, or job. A philosopher asks, “Who are we?”, “Why do we exist?”, “What is our purpose?”, or other questions. This module will explore these and other questions about nursing. Week 7: Discussion Question 1 – What is Nursing? Discussion Topic Task: Reply to this topic Discussion Prompt Ask five nurses the following question. Ask the question without explanation or expansion. Tell them you are doing a class project and need the following question answered. There are no right or wrong answers. “What is the purpose of nursing?” Ask five lay persons the exact same question in the exact same manner. Summarize your findings and report to the class. When you complete this project, you will have just completed your first qualitative research project. Albeit an abbreviated one, but nonetheless, a qualitative study. Expectations Initial Post: Length: A minimum of 275 words, not including references Citations: At least 3 high-level scholarly reference in APA from within the last 5 years See USU NUR Discussion Board Rubric for additional details and point weighting. Week 7: Discussion Question 2 – What is Advanced Practice Nursing? Discussion Topic Task: Reply to this topic Discussion Prompt Using any resources that you can find, identify the difference between nursing practice and advanced practice nursing. Support advanced practice nursing by identifying nursing theories that can be applied to advanced practice nursing. Expectations Initial Post: Length: A minimum of 275 words, not including references Citations: At least 3 high-level scholarly reference in APA from within the last 5 years
What is nursing? —-AND— What is advanced practice nursing?
Nursing is a profession in the healthcare sector that focuses on the care of people of all ages, families, and communities through the prevention of illnesses, promotion of health, caring for the sick the disabled, and the dying to ensure that communities attain the highest level of health and live quality lives. I asked 5 nurses and 5 laypersons what they thought was the purpose of nursing. The five nurses thought that the purpose of nursing was: caring for patients, promoting patient literacy, helping in the prevention of illnesses through encouraging people to go for screening, weight management to prevent chronic diseases, and advocating for precautionary medication. The five laypersons thought the purpose of nursing is: Assisting doctors during medical procedures, taking care of inpatients, assisting with inquiries at the inquiry desk, triaging, and counseling.
From the two groups, one common thing is the aspect of care in the nursing profession. The Laymen thought that the purpose of nursing is helping doctors s but there’s more to the nursing profession. Nursing seeks to promote patient care. This is supported by guiding theories like the Human caring theory; Applied through the Caritas process, which suggests that caring for patients promotes growth and creates a caring environment for the patients (Watson & Woodward, 2020). Walking with patients through to recovery, an aspect best supported by Peplau’s Theory of interpersonal relations talks of the importance of nurse-patient relationships in recovery (Hagerty et al., 2017). Nursing also seeks to help in the prevention of diseases, advocate for patients, help to build health literacy among patients, facilitate in coping with disability and help patients and their families cope with death.
Advanced nursing practice is a level of nursing practice that is experienced and uses comprehensive skill and knowledge. An advanced practice nurse is a registered nurse who has clinical competencies, an expert knowledge base, and complex decision-making skills. With the rise in chronic illnesses, prevalence, and multimorbidity rise due to population aging, There has been an increasing need for care and demand for critical and emergency services, this has been met by a shortage of physicians hence increased the need to have Advanced practice nurses participate inpatient care.
There’s a difference between Nursing Practice and Advanced Nursing Practice. Nursing practice: Nurses prepare patients for doctors’ reviews; perform roles such as administering catheters, help patients to bathe and dress when needed, prepare patient care plans, reporting on the ongoing status of patients to doctors and advanced practice nurses. They also ensure that inpatients are taken care of.
Advanced nurse practitioners work with doctors. They are allowed to evaluate a patient’s condition and are licensed to administer medications and treatment to patients, perform diagnostic tests, see patients on their own, and have the autonomy to put together a healthcare team to plan for patient care. Advanced Nurse practitioners are allowed to supervise other health workers. They can create treatment plans, do a physical assessment on patients, diagnose and manage chronic illnesses.
Kings Goal Attainment Theory is one of the theories that support advanced practice nursing. The nurse uses their interaction with the patient, communication, and perception of the patient to collect the data they need for assessment and diagnosis. The nurse and the patient set goals for care and the means to achieve those goals through planning and implementing a plan. Pender’s Health Promotion Theory explains how advanced practice nurses can study behavior’s that promote health and those that affect the health of an individual negatively and how to eliminate harmful behaviors (Aqtam & Darawwad, 2018). This theory is used to educate patients and society on healthy behavior’s they can adopt to live healthier lives.
Aqtam, I., & Darawwad, M. (2018). Health promotion model: An integrative literature review. Open Journal of Nursing, 8(07), 485.
Hagerty, T. A., Samuels, W., Norcini-Pala, A., & Gigliotti, E. (2017). Peplau’s theory of interpersonal relations: An alternate factor structure for patient experience data?. Nursing science quarterly, 30(2), 160-167.
Watson, J., & Woodward, T. K. (2020). Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. SAGE Publications Limited.